What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?
PTSD stand for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. It describes a trauma and stress related disorder following exposure to a traumatic event. Although PTSD is classed as a disorder it is worth remembering that PTSD is a normal response to abnormal events.
When we experience a trauma, we try to adapt and integrate our experience of the trauma. This results in trauma symptoms which usually reduce and disappear over the course of a few weeks. However, sometimes we are sometimes unable to integrate our traumatic experience which can result in experiencing PTSD symptoms or complex PTSD symptoms. Trauma symptoms may become PTSD symptoms after they have been experienced for over four weeks.
Most people have heard of PTSD in relation to the military or service personal involved in combat. PTSD symptoms also occur in civilian life as well as in combat. PTSD is the acronym used today for mid-term or longer lasting trauma symptoms. It used to be referred to as 'shell shock' or 'combat fatigue' in a military context.
Circumstances Which Could Cause PTSD Symptoms
- Car accident
- Physical attack
- Sexual abuse
- Traumatic operation or physical procedure
- Witnessing a violent assault
- Being involved in a natural disaster
- First hand experience of a Terrorist incident
- Sudden loss of a close loved one
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